Is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world in both area and population. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders every South American nation except for Ecuador and Chile.
Area: 8,514,877 km² (5 th) or 3,287,597 sq mi
Population: 2005 estimate in 186,405,000 (5 th)
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Rio de Janeiro State
Is one of the 26 states of Brazil (plus the Federal District). It has an area of 43,653 km² and is situated on the southeastern coast. Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro, which was the colony's capital as of 1763 (the first capital being Salvador da Bahia), and the nation's capital from 1822 to 1960. In the year 2000, the state population was 14,381,282.
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Rio de Janeiro City
Is the name of both a state and a city in south-eastern Brazil. Commonly known as just Rio (particularly in English and by its inhabitants), the city is famous for its spectacular natural setting, wild Carnival celebrations, samba and other music, hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon, pavements decorated with black and cream swirl pattern mosaics, and the easy-going lifestyle of its inhabitants.
Rio de Janeiro is located at 22 degrees, 54 minutes south latitude, 43 degrees 14 minutes west longitude (22° 54'S 43° 14'W), GMT-3. The population of the City of Rio de Janeiro is about 6,094,183 (2005 estimate), occupying an area of 1182.3 km² (456.5 mi²). The larger metropolitan area population is estimated at 11-12 million. It is Brazil's second-largest city after São Paulo, tenth-largest in the world, and was the country's capital until 1960, when Brasília took its place. Residents of the city are known as Cariocas.
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